Analytical Themes and Subthemes That Emerged From Analysis of Participants’ and Staff Members’ Experiences in CB-PSS Groups

Themes and DescriptionSubthemesDescription
Contextual barriers: Barriers within the local context that hindered the implementation of the CB-PSS groups.Participants’ competing responsibilities, COVID-19 infection, and national strikeParticipants’ conflicting responsibilities (job, household chores, and academic commitments), as well as the COVID-19 infection, hindered the in-person attendance. None of the participants reported being affected by the national strike.
Access to technological devices and connectivityParticipants’ limited access to technological devices and connectivity challenges.
Confidentiality concernsFactors that compromised confidentiality.
Acculturation challenges among VenezuelansAdaptation challenges for Venezuelans.
Contextual facilitators: Factors within the context that facilitated the implementation of the CB-PSS groups.Community organizations and leadersLocal community organizations, local leaders, official institutions demonstrate openness to networking, space facilitation, and promoting the CB-PSS.
Integration of cultural practicesIncorporation of cultural practices to facilitate the implementation of the intervention.
Support strategies: Strategies implemented by the project managers to mitigate contextual challenges and capitalize on contextual facilitators.Participant engagement and retention strategiesStrategies implemented by the staff members to foster participants’ engagement and retention.
Strategies to support facilitatorsStrategies implemented by project managers to mitigate staff members’ burnout and facilitate peers’ exchange of experiences, resources, and information.
Use of local knowledge and multicultural perspectivesCommunity psychosocial agents’ local expertise and cultural openness to integrate diverse participants’ backgrounds.
Psychosocial skill changes and satisfaction: Perceived psychosocial skills changes facilitated by the CB-PSS groups.Community-building skillsCommunity support skills are cultivated within the groups and exhibited by participants in group sessions and daily lived experiences.
Problem-solvingParticipants enhance skills when discussing problems, suggesting solutions, and implementing them daily.
Emotional regulationParticipants’ ability to understand, manage, and modify emotions to adapt to different situations and social contexts.
SatisfactionParticipants’ and staff satisfaction with the implementation of the CB-PSS group activities.
  • Abbreviation: CB-PSS, community-based psychosocial support.