TABLE 5.

Financial Cost-Effectiveness of mCME 2.0 Intervention for HIV Clinicians in Vietnama

Cost-effectiveness per 10% increase in online course visitsb,cUS$923.44
Cost-effectiveness per 10% increase in endline knowledge scoreb,dUS$32,056.53
Cost per intervention participantUS$890.87
Cost per control participantUS$44.09
  • a All figures are presented in real 2016 U.S. dollars.

  • b For the intervention group, the cost was the full cost of the preparation period and 90% of the intervention costs (US$47,215.95 total). For the control group, the costs consisted of 10% of the implementation costs (i.e., cost of the text messages once a week, and a small amount of the cost to maintain the server and SMS system for a total of US$2,336.81).

  • c Clinicians in the intervention group visited the online courses 134 times, and clinicians in the control group visited the online courses 27 times. Overall, the difference in online course visits between the intervention and control group was 107, which is a 486% increase. The following equation was used to determine cost-effectiveness: ICEA = (CI−CC)/(MI−MC), where ICEA is the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio; CI and CC are the total (discounted) costs related to the intervention and control groups, respectively; and MI−MC are the (discounted) change in online course visits. Therefore, the equation was as follows: (US$47,215.95–US$2,336.81)/(486%)=US$92.343 for a 1% increase (or *10=US$923.44 for a 10% increase).

  • d The average change in score for the intervention group was +26% between baseline and endline exams. The average change in score for the control group was +12%. The following equation was used to determine cost-effectiveness: ICEA = (CI−CC)/(MI−MC), where ICEA is the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio; CI and CC are the total (discounted) costs related to the intervention and control groups, respectively; and MI−MC are the (discounted) percent change in exam scores. Therefore, the equation was as follows (US$47,215.95–US$2,336.81)/(26%-12%)=US$3,205.65 per 1% increase, so US$32,056.53 for a 10% increase in knowledge for the full study population.