TABLE 5. Multivariate Logistic Regression Analysis on Cesarean Delivery Rate Among Mothers Delivering in Public Hospitals by Year of Survey, Stratified by Birth Weight and Birth Multiplicity According to Type of Public Hospital
200220072012All Years Combined
%aOR (95% CI)%aOR (95% CI)%aOR (95% CI)%aOR (95% CI)
All Mothers
Private20.81.0022.01.0032.21.0025.61.00
Government (public)a16.60.86 (0.69–1.07)18.10.87 (0.75–1.02)28.50.91 (0.79–1.04)21.90.90 (0.83–0.99)*
UTH (public)26.71.08 (0.57–2.05)50.04.24 (2.85–6.29)***49.11.69 (1.21–2.33)**45.62.29 (1.82–2.88)***
Mothers Delivering in Public Hospitals (N = 10,494)
Government16.61.0018.11.0028.51.0021.91.00
UTH26.71.19 (0.63–2.27)50.04.20 (2.80–6.28)***49.11.69 (1.21–2.37)**45.62.31 (1.83–2.92)***
Mothers Delivering in Public Hospitals By Birth Weight
Normal Birth Weight
 Government14.51.0016.21.0026.51.0019.91.00
 UTH23.91.18 (0.55–2.55)44.13.44 (2.22–5.33)***47.11.55 (1.06–2.27)*42.22.15 (1.65–2.80)***
Low/High Birth Weight
 Government22.51.0024.21.0034.71.0028.11.00
 UTH35.71.24 (0.35–4.41)83.327.50 (6.54–115.5)***57.12.30 (1.08–4.88)*60.63.13 (1.82–5.37)***
Mothers Delivering in Public Hospitals By Birth Multiplicity
Singleton Birth
 Government15.71.0017.21.0027.61.0021.01.00
 UTH29.61.73 (0.91–3.29)48.74.06 (2.70–6.08)***46.71.62 (1.15–2.28)**44.72.39 (1.88–3.02)***
Multiple Birth
 Government57.11.0059.51.0069.21.0063.01.00
 UTH0.0NA100.0NA100.0NA64.71.02 (0.31–3.38)
  • Abbreviations: aOR, adjusted odds ratio (for all covariates under analysis); CI, confidence interval; NA, not applicable; UTH, university teaching hospital.

  • a Government hospitals include hospitals run by the Ministry of Health or the Royal Medical Services.

  • *P< .05; ** P< .01; *** P< .001.