TABLE 1.

Sociodemographic Characteristics and Timing of Insertion for Adopters of a Hormonal Intrauterine System or Copper-containing Intrauterine Device in Kenya and Zambia

KenyaZambia
Hormonal IUS Adopters (N=289)Copper IUD Adopters (N=143)P Value Comparing IUS vs. IUDHormonal IUS Adopters (N=395)Copper IUD Adopters (N=359)P Value Comparing IUS vs. IUD
Age, yearsNo. (%)No. (%)No. (%)No. (%)
    <2025 (8.7)16 (11.2).18930 (7.6)11 (3.1).029
    20–2494 (32.5)28 (19.6)52 (13.2)26 (7.2)
    25–2963 (21.8)33 (23.1)64 (16.2)58 (16.2)
    30–3449 (17.0)32 (22.4)88 (22.3)86 (24.0)
    ≥3548 (16.6)29 (20.3)133 (33.7)137 (38.2)
    Missing10 (3.5)5 (3.5)28 (7.1)41 (11.4)
Marital status
    Married248 (85.8)122 (85.3).569326 (82.5)317 (88.3).029
    Never married32 (11.1)19 (13.3)50 (12.7)24 (6.7)
    Widowed/divorced7 (2.4)2 (1.4)12 (3.0)7 (2.0)
    Missing2 (0.7)0 (0.0)7 (1.8)11 (3.1)
Education
    None/primary120 (41.5)64 (44.8).710212 (53.7)122 (34.0).001
    Secondary98 (33.9)41 (28.7)127 (32.2)137 (38.2)
    Postsecondary66 (22.8)34 (23.8)49 (12.4)69 (19.2)
    Missing5 (1.7)4 (2.8)7 (1.8)31 (8.6)
Parity
    012 (4.2)8 (5.6).2549 (2.3)11 (3.1).333
    1–2141 (48.8)61 (42.7)110 (27.9)89 (24.8)
    3–487 (30.1)42 (29.4)103 (26.1)118 (32.9)
    ≥544 (15.2)31 (21.7)159 (40.3)129 (35.9)
    Missing5 (1.7)1 (0.7)14 (3.5)12 (3.3)
Timing of insertion
    Postpartum (<48 hours)25 (8.7)13 (9.1).725110 (27.9)63 (17.6).362
    Postpartum (48 hours to 1 year)152 (52.6)71 (49.7)119 (30.1)102 (28.4)
    Postabortion1 (0.4)2 (1.4)17 (4.3)18 (5.0)
    Not postpregnancy108 (37.4)54 (37.8)143 (36.2)157 (43.7)
    Missing3 (1.0)3 (2.1)6 (1.5)19 (5.3)
  • Abbreviations: IUD, intrauterine device; IUS, intrauterine system.