TABLE 5.

Associations with Nonbarrier Contraceptive Method Use Among FSWs in Univariate and Multivariable Poisson Regression Corrected for RDS-Weighting and Clustering by Seed, Cameroon

NUses Nonbarrier Contraceptive MethodUnadjusted AnalysisAdjusted Analysis
n%PR95% CIP ValueaPR95% CIP Value
Site
    Yaounde57415326.7REFREF
    Douala4579119.90.68(0.53, 0.87).0020.84(0.67, 1.07).16
    Bertoua3048929.31.10(0.88, 1.39).411.21(0.96, 1.53).10
    Bamenda34111734.31.25(1.01, 1.55).041.15(0.91, 1.44).24
    Kribi57914625.20.93(0.76, 1.13).461.03(0.84, 1.27).78
Age group (years)
    18–2472416923.3REF
    25–3489027530.91.11(0.87, 1.43).40
    35+64115223.70.85(0.64, 1.13).27
Education level
    Primary school or less70217524.9REFREF
    Any secondary education or higher1,55242027.11.39(1.10, 1.76).0051.21(0.97, 1.50).09
HIV status
    Negative1,69846927.6REFREF
    Positive, previously diagnosed2906622.80.65(0.47, 0.90).0090.85(0.62, 1.18).33
    Positive, newly diagnosed2606023.10.85(0.61, 1.20).350.95(0.69, 1.29).73
    Indeterminate7114.30.13(0.01, 1.47).100.11(0.01, 1.11).06
Previously tested for HIVa
    No2233515.7REF
    Yes2,02956127.71.87(1.14, 3.07).01
Received any information on HIV in past 6 months
    No75622229.4REFREF
    Yes1,49937425.00.70(0.56, 0.86).0010.72(0.59, 0.89).002
FSW-CBO member
    No1,65047428.7REFREF
    Yes60412220.20.58(0.46, 0.73)<.0010.73(0.57, 0.92).01
Ever terminated a pregnancy
    No1,34831223.1REFREF
    Yes90228331.41.44(1.17, 1.77)<.0011.41(1.16, 1.72).001
Ever used emergency contraception
    No1,89640621.4REFREF
    Yes35518953.22.95(2.45, 3.56)<.0012.70(2.23, 3.26)<.001
Intend to have children in the future
    Yes1,45234523.8REF
    No76123831.31.00(0.81, 1.25).99
    Does not know421331.00.63(0.25, 1.60).33
Number of clients in past month
    0–30119934328.6REF
    31+96123124.00.98(0.80, 1.21).88
    Unknown952223.20.70(0.36, 1.37).30
Condom use during sex with clients
    Consistent/NA1,74943424.8REFREF
    Inconsistent50316232.21.23(0.95, 1.59).111.00(0.77, 1.29).98
Regular sex partner(s) in past year
    None61415224.8REFREF
    Any1,63844227.01.17(0.93, 1.47).191.13(0.91, 1.40).28
Any health-related stigma
    No2,01551825.7REFREF
    Yes2377832.91.49(1.13, 1.96).0041.29(0.98, 1.69).07
  • Abbreviations: aPR, adjusted prevalence ratio; CBO, community-based organization; CI, confidence interval; FSW, female sex worker; NA, not applicable; PR, prevalence ratio; RDS, respondent-driven sampling; TOP, termination of pregnancy.

  • a Excluded from adjusted analyses due to collinearity with HIV status.