TABLE 1.

Eighteen Essential Birth Practices From the World Health Organization Safe Childbirth Checklista

At AdmissionBefore PushingAfter BirthAny Time
Partograph startedHand hygieneOxytocin administered within 1 minuteMaternal temperature taken
Birth companion presentClean towel availableBirth companion presentMaternal blood pressure taken
Clean blade availableBaby weighed
Cord tie availableBaby temperature taken
Mucus extractor availableSkin-to-skin warming initiated
Neonatal bag availableSkin-to-skin warming maintained for 1 hour
Clean pads availableBreastfeeding initiated
  • a Independent observers assessed the birth attendant’s adherence to essential birth practices but not their technical skill or quality in performing the practice.