TABLE 3.

Client Characteristics by Study Arm, Kisumu and Meru, Kenya, October 2016 to May 2017

Clients Using ePartogram (n=842)Clients Using Paper Partograph (n=1,042)P Value
BEmONC facilities, No. (%)300 (35.6)317 (30.4).02
CEmONC facilities, No. (%)542 (64.4)725 (69.6).02
Public facilities, No. (%)842 (100.0)715 (68.6)<.001
Faith-based facilities, No. (%)0 (0.0)327 (31.4)<.001
During strike months, No. (%)439 (53.9)352 (34.1)<.001
During non-strike months, No. (%)376 (46.1)439 (53.9)<.001
Parity 0, No. (%)297 (36.4)345 (36.6).90
Parity 1+, No. (%)519 (63.6)642 (63.4).90
Admitted during day, No. (%)a496 (58.9)549 (52.8).01
Admitted during night, No. (%)b346 (41.1)493 (47.3).01
Delivered during day, No. (%)a433 (53.1)542 (52.7).80
Delivered during night, No. (%)b382 (46.9)486 (47.3).80
Cervical dilation ≤5 cm at admission, No. (%)218 (25.9)371 (36.2)<.001
Cervical dilation >5 cm at admission, No. (%)624 (74.1)642 (63.4)<.001
Duration of first stage recorded, median (IQR)120 (180)555 (360)<.001
  • Abbreviations: BEmONC, basic emergency obstetric and newborn care; CEmONC, comprehensive emergency obstetric and newborn care; ePartogram, electronic partogram; IQR, interquartile range.

  • a Day: 6 am to 6 pm.

  • b Night: 6 pm to 6 am.