Postabortion Care Models, 1990 to Present

Initial PAC Model (1990)Revised USAID PAC Model (2004)Revised PAC Consortiuma Model (2004)
Element 1: Emergency treatmentComponent 1: Emergency treatmentElement 1: Community and service partnerships
Element 2: Family planning counseling and servicesComponent 2: Immediate family planning counseling and services; where human and financial resources exist, referral and/or treatment of STI and HIV testingElement 2: Counseling
Element 3: Linkage to other reproductive health servicesComponent 3: Community empowerment through community awareness and mobilizationElement 3: Treatment
Element 4: Contraception and family planning methods
Element 5: Reproductive and other health services
  • Abbreviations: PAC, postabortion care; STI, sexually transmitted infection; USAID, U.S. Agency for International Development.

  • a The PAC Consortium was established in 1993 by Ipas, Association for Voluntary Surgical Contraception (now EngenderHealth), Jhpiego, Pathfinder International, and International Planned Parenthood Federation to raise awareness within the reproductive health community about the need to address complications of unsafe abortion and miscarriage. Its founding vision was to promote PAC as an effective strategy for improving maternal health and also to encourage USAID, the United Nations Population Fund, and other international donors and agencies in the reproductive health and population field to address the issue of unsafe abortion in their policies and programs.