Core EENC Interventions

PopulationIntrapartum CareNewborn Care
All mothers and newborn infantsThe First Embrace
  • Labor monitoring (partograph)

  • Immediate drying

  • Immediate skin-to-skin contact

  • Appropriately timed clamping and cutting of the cord

  • Exclusive breastfeeding

  • Routine care (eye care, vitamin K, immunizations, weighing, and examinations)

At-risk mothers and newborn infantsPreterm and LBW infantsPreterm labor
Elimination of unnecessary inductions and cesarean deliveries
  • Antenatal steroids

  • Antibiotics for preterm PROM

  • Kangaroo mother care

  • Breastfeeding support

  • Immediate treatment of suspected infection

Sick newborn infantsObstructed/prolonged labor
Fetal distress
  • Assisted delivery

  • Cesarean delivery

Not breathing at birth
  • Resuscitation

    Suspected sepsis

  • Antibiotic treatment

  • Abbreviations: EENC, Early Essential Newborn Care; LBW, low birth weight; PROM, pre-labor rupture of membrane.