Estimated Annual Changes in Disparity in Family Planning Demand Met With Modern Methods Between the Most- and Least-Advantaged Subgroupsa by Background Characteristic (Percentage-Point Change per Year)

Absolute Disparity by:Bivariate ModelMultivariate Modelb
Coeff. on YearP ValueCoeff. on YearP ValueCoeff. on National AverageP Value
Education (secondary or higher vs. none)−0.55<.001−0.24.007−0.27<.001
Household wealth (highest vs. lowest quintile)−0.61<.001−0.43<.001−0.17.003
Residential area (urban vs. rural area)−0.42<.001−0.19.002−0.20<.001
Union status (in union vs. not in union)0.75<.0010.17.210.48<.001
Administrative unita0.47<.0010.36.0010.10.12
  • a Disparity by age or administrative unit represents the largest possible absolute gap among all sub-groups. All disparity measures are among women in union, except disparity by union status which is among all women.

  • b Multivariate models include 2 covariates: year and national average.

  • Note: Sample size for regression is 213 surveys from 55 countries, except disparity by union status where only 161 surveys from 45 countries were available for analysis.