Data Collection Methods for the Qualitative Study

CategoryDetailsThemes Explored
In-depth interviews (N=37)
Senior staffProgram head (discussion), implementation management (n=3), health camp doctor (n=1)General experiences with the program, its conceptualization and its components, changes in the program, perceived achievements and challenges, working in partnerships, and sustainability under different models of implementation.
Health camp doctor: implementation of the camp, perceived benefits of the camp, challenges, and role of health camps in the program.
Field teamSNEHA frontline health workers (n=6), SNEHA program officers (n=3)Sharing typical work-week activities and roles played, experiences, perceived achievements and challenges faced, and case illustrations.
CommunityTotal interviews: 24
Maximum diversity sample including mothers of severely wasted, moderately wasted, non-wasted, pregnant women; by age (0–6 years and above)/gender/religion; purposively sampled some complicated cases)
Stories of interaction and familiarity with the program, perspectives (positive and negative) on various activities, suggestions for the program.
Focus group discussions (N=3)
Field team (SNEHA frontline health workers)3 focus group discussions, with 6 SNEHA frontline health workers per groupProtocols, time allocation to different activities, interaction with the community, program officers, and senior management.
Observations (N=12 sessions)
Home visits by SNEHA frontline health workersOver 2-week period: 8 visits, approximately 20 minutes eachGeneral processes, nuances of interaction with the community, process through which the SNEHA frontline health workers communicate information.
Growth monitoringOver 2-week period: 4 sessions, half a day eachGrowth monitoring process in the Anganwadi centers, community mobilization, and management of crowd during weighing and taking of measurements.
Site visitNRRC and urban health post, 1-time observationCrowd, physical infrastructure, placement of SNEHA staff at the NRRC, general familiarity of the field staff with the place.
Descriptive monitoring data and case stories
Descriptive monitoring dataAlready exists in the programSize and coverage of the program—number of beneficiaries, number of children monitored, number of home visits recorded.
Case storiesAlready existed in the program to document successful cases to promote best practices. About 140 stories were recorded in 2015; we selected 46 diverse cases, translated them into English, and analyzed them.Interaction of the field team with caregivers, process of identification of malnutrition, intervention with the family.
  • Abbreviation: SNEHA, Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action.