Changes in Gender Index Scores by Country and Sex of Spray Operators, 2015

CountrySexNo. Surveyed at BaselineNo. Surveyed at EndlineNo. (%) With Matched Baseline and Endline SurveysRespondents Matched at Baseline and EndlineAll Respondents
Gender Index Scorea at BaselineGender Index Scorea at EndlineDifference-in-Difference in Gender Index Scores (SE)P ValueAdjusted Difference-in-Difference in Gender Index Scoresb (SE)P Value
MadagascarMen686617147 (21)7.327.780.16 (0.24).510.03 (0.17).88
Women537320319 (59)8.198.49
RwandacMen523564439 (84)6.997.200.30 (0.17).090.14 (0.21).51
Women261228187 (72)7.568.07
EthiopiaMen532390106 (20)7.807.530.29 (0.65).66−0.15 (0.31).64
Women132829 (7)6.766.78
  • Abbreviation: SE, standard error.

  • Notes: The PMI AIRS Project collected survey data among a sample of spray operators in 4 countries. Surveys were completed both before the spray season began (baseline or preseason) and after the season ended (endline or postseason). Zimbabwe is not included in this table because Zimbabwe's survey did not ask for the respondent's gender, due to government restrictions. Sex-disaggregated totals do not match overall total because demographic data were not collected from all respondents.

  • a The gender index score is the average number of questions answered, out of a total of 11, in favor of gender egalitarianism.

  • b Adjusted results control for sex, previous experience working with the PMI AIRS Project (self-reported), ability to read, education, whether respondents live where they work, whether respondents are heads of household, and (in Madagascar) the district of the survey.

  • c Rwanda's 2015 spray season included 2 rounds of spraying.