Changes in Gender Index Scores by Country, 2015

CountryNo. Surveyed at BaselineNo. Surveyed at EndlineNo. With Matched Baseline and Endline Surveys% With Matched Baseline and Endline SurveysRespondents Matched at Baseline and EndlineAll Respondents
Gender Index Scorea at BaselineGender Index Scorea at EndlineDifference in Gender Index Score From Baselinea (SE)P ValueAdjusted Difference in Mean Gender Index Scoresb (SE)P Value
Madagascar1,22793746538%7.598.000.41 (0.11)<.0010.06 (0.08).48
Rwandac79579662879%7.177.470.30 (0.08)<.0010.21 (0.10).03
Zimbabwe23922519079%8.378.04−0.33 (0.16).048−0.37 (0.18)d.04
Ethiopia67649911517%7.727.47−0.25 (0.18).16−0.61 (0.12)< .001
  • Abbreviation: SE, standard error.

  • Notes: The PMI AIRS Project collected survey data among a sample of spray operators in 4 countries. Surveys were completed both before the 2015 spray season began (baseline or preseason) and after the season ended (endline or postseason).

  • a The gender index score is the average number of questions, out of a total of 11, answered in favor of gender egalitarianism.

  • b Adjusted results control for sex, previous experience working with the PMI AIRS Project (self-reported), ability to read, education, whether respondents live where they work, whether the respondents are heads of household, and (in Madagascar) district of the survey.

  • c Rwanda's 2015 spray season included 2 rounds of spraying.

  • d Covariates were not collected; results are not adjusted.