Population and Health Characteristics of the ECA Countries Included in the Quality of Care Study, 2013a

AlbaniaArmeniaGeorgiaKazakhstanKirov Province, RussiabTajikistan
World Bank income groupUpper middleLower middleLower middleUpper middleHigh (Russia)Low
% of population living in urban areas53%63%53%53%74% (Russia)27%
Life expectancy at birth73 male
76 female
67 male
75 female
71 male
78 female
63 male
73 female
64 male
76 female
68 male
70 female
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2012)6.0%4.5%9.2%4.2%6.3% (Russia)5.8%
No. of physicians per 1,000 population1.
Neonatal mortality (deaths per 1,000 live births)7888521
Maternal mortality (deaths per 100,000 live births) (2013)2129412624 (Russia)44
Adult risk factors
    Tobacco smoking (2011)26%22%27%24%40% (Russia)N/A
    High blood pressure (2008)37%42%43%35%38% (Russia)31%
    Obesity (2008)21%24%22%24%27% (Russia)9%
% of total deaths due to NCDs, all ages, both sexes (2013)89%92%93%84%86% (Russia)62%
% of total deaths due to cardiovascular disease, all ages, both sexes (2013)59%54%69%54%60% (Russia)38%