TABLE 2 Characteristics of Infants and Mothers (N = 500 Infants and 500 Mothers)
Characteristics and Views
Infants
Age, days, median (IQR)22 (12, 46)
Birth weight, kg, median (IQR)3.2 (2.9, 3.5)
Temperature, Celsius, median (IQR)36.2 (36.0, 36.5)
Gestational age, weeks, median (IQR)40 (38, 40)
Vitamin K given, No. (%)500 (100)
HIV exposure status,a No. (%)85 (17)
Mother present,b No. (%)498 (99.6)
Father present, No. (%)168 (34)
Mothers
Mother’s age, years, No. (%)
 ≤2039 (8)
 21–25123 (25)
 26–30159 (32)
 31–35123 (25)
 >3556 (11)
Current marital status, No. (%)
 Married478 (96)
 Not married21 (4)
 Widowed1 (0.2)
With whom do you live?,c No. (%)
 Alone9 (43)
 Male partner1 (5)
 Other11(52)
Completed secondary level education?, No. (%)
 No205 (41)
 Yes295 (59)
Ethnic group, No. (%)
 Shona406 (81)
 Non-Shona94 (19)
Head of household,d No. (%)
 Mother28 (6)
 Male partner431 (91)
 Someone else14 (3)
Infant's father circumcised?, No. (%)
 Yes187 (39)
 No273 (58)
 Don’t know13 (3)
HIV knowledge score,e median (IQR)6 (4, 6)
Circumcision knowledge score,f median (IQR)6 (5, 8)
Heard of male circumcision as an HIV prevention method before today, No. (%)431 (91)
Does male circumcision really protect men against HIV?, No. (%)
 Completely23 (5)
 Partially393 (83)
 No, it does not protect15 (3)
 Don’t know42 (9)
Would like male partner to be circumcised,g No. (%)219 (80)
Who should perform EIMC?, No. (%)
 Trained doctors433 (92)
 Trained nurse-midwives24 (5)
 Traditional leader of the same tribe or religion4 (1)
 Other9 (2)
How will EIMC likely be viewed in community?, No. (%)
 Negatively63 (13)
 Positively185 (40)
 Both negatively and positively221 (47)
  • Abbreviations: EIMC, early infant male circumcision; IQR, interquartile range.

  • a HIV status unknown for 4 infants.

  • b In the 2 cases where the mother was not present, the infant’s father was present during the procedure.

  • c Among the 22 not married or widowed mothers, 1 mother did not give an answer.

  • d Data collected from only 473 mothers.

  • e HIV knowledge score composed of 8 questions, with 1 point for every correct answer (maximum score  =  8).

  • f Circumcision knowledge score composed of 8 questions, with 1 point for every correct answer (maximum score  =  8).

  • g Among 273 mothers who reported their partner was not currently circumcised.